AARONSOHN, MOSES

AARONSOHN, MOSES (1805–1875), preacher, rabbi, and scholar. Born in Salant, Lithuania, Aaronsohn was a preacher (maggid) in Eastern Europe (Vishtinetz, Brotski, and Mir) and was recognized for his scholarship by 1836, when he published Pardes ha-Ḥokhmah, a book of sermons. He later published Pardes ha-Binah, a book of sermons with responsa. Aaronsohn arrived in the United States c. 1860, living on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, where he held services in his home and was known as "The East Broadway Maggid." For four years, he served as a preacher in a number of established synagogues, including Chevrat Vizhaner and the Allen Street Beth Hamedrash, which had split from the Beis Medrash Hagadol. In 1864, he became the rabbi at Congregation Adath Yeshurun in New York City. He continued to write responsa and also included the opinions of those rabbis in Eastern Europe with whom he corresponded regarding contemporary halakhic issues. Aaronsohn was a strong personality with definite opinions, which eventually erupted into major controversies. He attacked the scholarship and practices of two New York rabbis who were eminent talmudic scholars, Rabbi abraham joseph ash and Rabbi Judah Mittleman, calling into question divorces written by Rabbi Ash and the kashrut of the animals slaughtered under the supervision of Rabbi Mittleman – whom he accused of allowing improper bloodletting before sheḥitah. By 1873, when he criticized the kashrut of certain California wines, the hostility he created in the clergy caused him to be excommunicated by Ash and Mittleman, and he was forced to leave New York. For a time, he served as an itinerant preacher and finally settled in Chicago, where he died. His book on American responsa, Matta'ei Mosheh, was published posthumously in 1878 in Jerusalem.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Approbations in Pardes ha-Binah (1842); Z.H. Bernstein, Yalkut Ma'aravi 1 (1904), 129–30; J.D. Eisenstein, Oẓer Yisrael (1907), 167; idem, Oẓer Zikhronotai (1929), 24; Y.Y. Greenwald, Ha-Shoḥet ve-ha-Sheḥitah ba-Sifrut ha-Rabbanit (1955), 6–10; M. Sherman, Orthodox Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook (1996), 13–14. (Jeanette Friedman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aaronsohn — This is a surname of Hebrew origins. Recorded in over twenty different spellings ranging from Aron, Aaron and Agron, to Aaronsohn, Aronovitch, and Aronowicz, it derives from the ancient given name of Aharon , born by the brother of Moses, the… …   Surnames reference

  • List of Romanian Jews — This is a list of Romanian Jews who are or were Jewish or of Jewish ancestry.Academics* Aaron Aaronsohn, botanist * J. J. Benjamin, historian * Nicolae Cajal, virologist and Jewish community leader * Ştefan Cazimir, literary critic * Constantin… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people on stamps of Israel — This is a list of people on postage stamps of Israel:National figures*Yigal Allon Israeli politician (1984) *Sarah Aaronsohn Zionist martyr (1991) *Menachem Begin Zionist leader, sixth Prime Minister of the State of Israel (1993) *David Ben… …   Wikipedia

  • ASH, ABRAHAM JOSEPH — (1813–1887), preacher, Talmud scholar. Ash was born in Semyatitch, Grodno region, Polish Russia, and immigrated to America around 1852. He was one of the founders of the Beth Hamidrash, New York s first Russian Polish congregation. Ash was often… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARCHIVES — ARCHIVES, (a) a place where old records are collected and preserved in an orderly fashion in their entirety, as well as groups of interrelated documents originating from individuals or a public body ( historical archives ); registers and filing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zionism — is an international political movement that originally supported the reestablishment of a homeland for the Jewish People in Palestine (Hebrew: Eretz Yisra el, “the Land of Israel”), and continues primarily as support for the modern state of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of botanists by author abbreviation — This is an incomplete list of botanists by their author abbreviation, which is designed for citation with the botanical names or works that they have published. This list follows that established by Brummitt Powell (1992).[1] Use of that list is… …   Wikipedia

  • Aaron (given name) — Infobox Given Name name = Aaron gender = Masculine region = English, Biblical origin = Exodus 4:14 footnotes = one of light Aaron (originally Aharon) is a Hebrew masculine given name originating with Aaron of the Old Testament. There are variant… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Abréviations D'auteur En Taxinomie Végétale —  Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, faites le sur cette autre page à partir de laquelle cette liste est mise à jour automatiquement. Cette liste est triée par ordre alphabétique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste Des Abréviations D'auteur En Taxinomie Végétale/Liste Classée Par Patronyme —  Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, cliquez ici. Cette liste est triée par ordre alphabétique des patronymes. Vous pouvez consulter la même liste classée par ordre alphabétique… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.